Some correlated and recommended pages:
Scholarpedia: a peer-reviewed open-access encyclopedia, whith lots of important concepts and articles concerning neural computing.
Neurdon: a group of researchers interested on neurons, networks, and neural computing.
Nengo: a group of researchers developed an approach and a free simulator that compute by means of neural assembly interactions. You build models by creating ensembles of neurons, then you connect them and define a computation that should be performed. The approach is based on established engineering knowledge, such as complex dynamical systems, control theory, etc.
Reviews: some texts you might want to read in order to understand neural assembly concepts:
G. Buzsáki (2010) Neural Syntax: Cell Assemblies, Synapsembles, and Readers
G. Buzsáki (2004) Large-scale recording of neuronal ensembles
This list will grow !…